Bahia were one of seven sides who took part in the innagural edition of South America's premiere club competition.
Bahia's first Libertadores campaign lasted just two matches, beginning with a 3-0 away loss to Argentine side San Lorenzo at the Nuevo Gasometro on April 20th of 1960.
On May 3rd, the Argentines visited Salvador's Fonte Nova in the return match. Carlito opened the scoring for Bahia with just 11 minutes played, thus becoming the first Brazilian to score in the competition's history. Flávio and Marito also both scored in what was a 3-2 win for the hosts.
San Lorenzo's two goals in Salvador were scored by Sanfilippo, who would curiously enough go on to play for Bahia from 1968 to 1971. San Lorenzo would advance to the semifinals on aggregate, where they were eliminated by eventual champions Peñarol.
Bahia have featured a total of three times in the Libertadores, with their best showing coming in their most recent appearance, when the side reached the quarterfinals of the 1989 Libertadores.